Thursday, April 25, 2019

Spring 2019 Final Session; April 26th

Map To Families Covered

Families Covered:

Rosaceae
Malvaceae
Fagaceae
Bignoniaceae
Arecaceae

Ceiba speciosa -formerly in the Bombacaceae, now in the Malvaceae. 



Thursday, April 18, 2019

Spring 2019 Plant ID Second Session


                 a.     Review
                                                    i.     Flower Terms
                                                   ii.     Inflorescence Terms
b.      Leaves
                                                    i.     Leaf Arrangement
1.      Alternate vs. Opposite
2.      Basal
3.      Equitant
4.      Simple
5.      Compound leaves (Ferns have different terminology)
a.      Odd vs. Even Pinnate
b.      Bi and Tri Pinnate leaves.
c.      Ternate and Biternate
d.      Petiole vs. Rachis
                                                   ii.     Leaf Attachment
                                                  iii.     Petiole
                                                  iv.     Stipules
                                                   v.     Leaf Shapes
                                                  vi.     Palmate vs. Lobed
                                                vii.     Pinnate vs. Palmate
                                               viii.     Leaf Margins
                                                  ix.     Venation
c.      Leaf Margins
d.      Families
                                                    i.     Asphodelaceae (was removed from the Asparagaceae recently) Aloe family
                                                   ii.     Liliaceae  Lily family
                                                  iii.     Poaceae Grass family
                                                  iv.     Juncaceae Rush family
                                                   v.     Restionaceae, Restio family
                                                  vi.     Amaryllidaceae Onion family
                                                vii.     Cyperaceae Sedge family

Spring 2019 Plant ID First Session Outline


Plant ID Class 2019
First Session
1.      Why ID
a.      Culture and Conditions
b.      Family ties
c.      To know
d.      Herbal research
e.      To eat or not to eat.
2.      A short and Eurocentric history of Botany
a.      Shamans and healers
b.      Greece
c.      China
d.      Rome
e.      The Renaissance
f.       The age of enlightenment
g.      The age of empire
h.      The age of the internet
3.      A botanist’s tools
a.      Loop
b.      Plant press
c.      Dissecting scope
d.      Outdoor gear
e.      Camera
f.       Benadryl
4.      A botanist’s resources
a.      Plant structure ID guide
b.      A working knowledge of the families they are dealing with.
                                                    i.     Knowledge of any unique structures of the families, genus and species they are dealing with.
c.      A flora (online or not) pertinent to the plants in question.
d.      A field guide (if necessary).
e.      Familiarity with Boolean search logic.
f.       Familiarity with Google search, particularly Google image search.
g.      Various taxonomy web sites.  
5.      A down and dirty look at the tree of life.
a.      Taxonomy
b.      Cladistics
c.      Hierarchy vs. Clade

6.      Plant Structures
a.      Plant type or habit
                                                    i.     Tree
                                                   ii.     Shrub
                                                  iii.     Vine
                                                  iv.     Liana
                                                   v.     Perennial
                                                  vi.     Biennial
                                                vii.     Herb
                                               viii.     Annual Herb
                                                  ix.     Forb
                                                   x.     Bulb
b.      Leaves
                                                    i.     Leaf Arrangement
1.      Alternate vs. Opposite
2.      Compound leaves
a.      Odd vs. Even Pinnate
b.      Bi and Tri-pinnate leaves.
                                                   ii.     Leaf Attachment
                                                  iii.     Petiole
                                                  iv.     Stipules
                                                   v.     Leaf Shapes
                                                  vi.     Palmate vs. Lobed
c.      Flowers
                                                    i.     Petals, Sepals, Tepals
1.      Fused vs. Separate
                                                   ii.     Calyx vs. Corolla
                                                  iii.     Bracts vs. Petals vs. Leaves
                                                  iv.     Ovary position
                                                   v.     Carpels
                                                  vi.     Stamen vs. Pistil
                                                vii.     Anther
                                               viii.     Pollen Sack
                                                  ix.     Sexuality
1.      Dioecious v. Monecious
2.      Unisexual vs. Bisexual
Selected Families


Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Botany Boot Camp -October 13th, 2018

Books and Items Required for Botany Boot Camp 2018
    • An oldie but a goody. Fairly easy to thumb through in the field.
    • These should cost no more than $20.
  • Pack of moist towelettes (keeps those plant induced rashes at bay).
  • Pack of single sided razors or several sharp scalpels.

Other resources


From YouTube:
Other Web Resources:


Easy to understand illustrated list by Lena Strewe of Rutgers University. This is the handout we worked of of.

Families we looked at during class. 
FABACEAE ASPHODELACEAE (Aloaceae) ROSACEAE ASTERACEAE MALVACEAE (Now including the BOMBACACEAE)

Maps of Plants Here at the Arboretum in Some of the Families We've Covered
Rosaceae: 
Fabaceae: 
Malvaceae and Bombacaceae (Now all Malvaceae): 
https://drive.google.com/open?id=1FQ1yI3kJ_z9ICUrXr3UmMre9BPU&usp=sharing

Useful Links (let me know if any are dead)

Links for Plant ID Class

List of conifers and hardwood trees native to North America.
Full on University of Wisconsin course on plant identification and classification.
Very browsable list orders, families, genus and species with example photographs. Also includes usefull family key.
Gives you an idea of when plants evolved and what they are related to.
You can go through to genus starting from the kingdom Plantae.
Read the history of European plant classification.
Review terms you already know and learn new ones.
Part of http://waynesword.palomar.edu/index.htm, a great site for plant science and botanical ‘gee-wizz’ facts.
If it isn’t on this list, it isn’t. Includes links to online herbariums and the International Plant Name Index.
Another interactive key for finding families; a little easier to use than the one on plantsystemics.org
Mostly good for grasses
More of a poster that has some of the most common families identified by ovary position.


Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Maps to Plants in Families Covered in last Friday's Class

Check out as many of these plant family members as possible and look for the similarities among them. 

Moraceae: 



Rosaceae: 



Fabaceae: 



Malvaceae and Bombacaceae (Now all Malvaceae): 




Myrtaceae: